Archive for the ‘Web Culture’ Category

pic 1Internet is an evolution made by human. It plays important role to shape the interaction and communication among humans. Nowadays, Internet merges into our daily life activity. The evolution begins from a system which had been built for academic purpose in 1962 and after that internet evolved into a net that connecting every computer in the world. As Leiner et al (2011) state that ‘the Internet is at once a world-wide broadcasting capability, a mechanism for information dissemination, and a medium for collaboration and interaction between individuals and their computers without regard for geographic location’.

Today, human and internet no longer having distance, we always have internet connection in our pocket through our mobile phone. Due to the invention of web, the use of internet is become massive.  We have to distinguish between web and internet. ‘Web is not the same as internet. Think of the internet as the tracks and signalling, the infrastructure on which everything runs. In a railway network, different kinds of traffic run on the infrastructure — high-speed express trains, slow stopping trains, commuter trains, freight trains and (sometimes) specialist maintenance and repair trains. On the internet, web pages are only one of the many kinds of traffic that run on its virtual tracks’ (John Naughton, 2010).

Because of the birth of web 2.0, the latest type of web, social media are now mushrooming. Facebook, my spaces, twitter, you tube on the one hand is fun and entertaining, it also help people to keep in touch one and another. On the other hand, it has negative potential which need which need to be solved. Based on my interview with some friend, I found interesting case related to identity in social media. A friend told me that she had bad experience with social media, her account on Yahoo Messenger, Google Talk, Twitter, and Facebook had been hijack by someone. The hijacker used her account to chat with my friend’s colleges. The hijacker acted in digital world as if he/she was my friend. For my friend, the identity on digital life is important as if it is her real life identity. She afraid that what the hijacker did in her social media could ruin her image among her colleges.

Nowadays, in my perspective, the boundaries between digital life and real life is become blur. This two world is seems to become one world.  Based on the research of Facebook conducted by Zhao et al (2008), it is wrong to treat online world and offline world as separate world. What the people do in online world can give consequence on the actual world.  So according to that, do we need control or regulation towards digital life? Who will do that? What the parameters? Because in my other observation, social media especially facebook can become the source of harmful activity. For example, in Indonesia, there is news about groups of teenagers who fight each other after teasing each other in facebook.


Naughton, J. (2010) The internet: Everything you ever need to know. Available from: (Accessed 28/12/2011)

Leiner, B. et al. (2011) Brief History of the Internet. Available from: (Accessed 28/12/2011)

Zhao, S. et al (2008) Identity construction on Facebook: Digital empowerment in anchored relationships. Computers in Human Behavior, 24, pp. 1816–1836.

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Since our first group meeting, we were agreed to do research on twitter and it is my first contribution is to describe why twitter is important to be the subject of our research. Based on my research on internet, according to Akshay Java et al (2007), micro-blogging like Twitter is becomes faster mode of communication. ‘By encouraging shorter posts, it lowers users’ requirement of time and thought investment for content generation. This is also one of its main differentiating factors from blogging in general. The second important difference is the frequency of update. On average, a prolific bloger may update her blog once every few days; on the other hand a microblogger may post several updates in a single day’ (Java, A. et al, 2007).

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Nowadays, millions of people are using Twitter as new way to share information, communicate, or doing business. In our research, Group 1 tries to focus the research on how celebrity and politician using twitter as responds to some natural disaster which occurred around the world. My second contribution is to give reason why celebrity and politician become our focus. According to Shaomei Wu et al (2011), celebrity uses Twitter to communicate directly to the fans which is become their followers on that micro-blogging website. The link of communication between celebrity and fans are no longer mediated by traditional mass media. The politicians also share the same situation. Through Twitter they can constantly communicate with their constituents and get the feedback directly. Celebrity or politician know that what they are doing can be the headline of newspaper, forming lifestyle or trend, and shaping the regulation of a government.

To conduct our research, we use world cloud as tools to generate the most often used word from our subject’s tweets. My contribution task is to categorize those words. I make table to distinguish the tweets from politician and the tweets from celebrity. From that table, on one hand, we found that politician tend to use supportive and realistic word towards the disaster. On the other hand, celebrity tends to use emotive words which only show their feeling about the disaster. Lastly, my fourth contribution is to search journals or books which can support our findings and arguments. In academic style writing, reference play important role as grounding for our research.

Apart from my contribution, this project group actually give an insight of how we should use the grace of internet to make our work easier. Through Wikispaces every group member can edit the result of our essay and keep it updated according to their specific contribution. Even though we still have to meet every week, but by doing that way (using Wikispaces) we actually reducing our time consumption. However, the challenge is there must be one person who in charge to compile and arrange all the data which being posted on Wikispaces.


Java, A. et al (2007) ‘Why We Twitter: Understanding Micro-blogging Usage and Communities’, Journal of Computer Mediated Communication, 3( 3).

Wu, S. et al (2011) Who Says What to Whom on Twitter, International World Wide Web Conference 2011, India: International World Wide Web Conference Committee (IW3C2)

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Post 2: Using the Blog

Posted: December 15, 2011 in Web Culture

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As a journalist, writing is part of my job. I was working for Republika, one of Indonesian newspaper, for 4 years. I tackled various issues, start to criminal, politic, economy, until lifestyle. In 2008 my friend introduced me to WordPress blog. He said that a blog with articles in it can be used as portfolio. If someone is interested to some of my article, maybe he/she can over me a job. So come up with that idea, I made my blog,

For the first time, to make my blog looks active, I posted my articles which were published in the newspaper. Surprisingly, I got some feedback for some of my articles. I did not expect a feedback, because in my experiences, if you write on newspaper you do not know what the readers think about your article, but in the blog the readers can directly give their comment. In my blog, the most comment I got is from my health article. The readers sometime asked me more detail about the topic I had wrote or they asked for contact information of medical institution which can help their health problem. That interaction has been encouraging me to keep writing on my blog. ‘Blogging offers a way for individuals to publicly express their own opinions and to affiliate with like-minded individuals’ (Kaye, 2005: 90).

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It has been 3 years for me to maintain my blog and I notice that actually we can post any content we want to our blog. ‘Blog content was equally diverse, ranging from journals of daily activities to serious commentaries on important issues. Blogging is an unusually versatile medium, employed for everything from spontaneous release of emotion to archivable support of group collaboration and community’ (Nardi et al, 2004: 46). So the content of the blog is depends on the users. It can show how the user point of view. As Kaye (2005) argues that the content of the blog is a combination between news, information and self-expression.

From Kaye point of view, I can say that being blogger is almost the same as being journalist. As a blogger we gather information and write it down on our post, so do the journalist. But I said ‘almost’ means that there are differences between those two activities. If one actual event are happened, as a journalist the information you gathered must be based on real fact, while as blogger, it over us freedom to construct our writing. We can be as rigid as journalist in term of journalism code of conduct or we can just write our opinion about the event without worrying whether it based on fact or not. Another issue is as journalist we have newspaper behind us, so when our writing are being published, we don’t have to worry, whether people read it or not, but as a blogger you need to attract people to read your blog post. It’s not an easy task, because in the internet world, people can easily change from one website to another. So as a blogger, it is important to think about the content of the blog post and the design of the web blog.

Kaye, B. (2005) It’s a Blog, Blog, Blog World: Users and Uses of Weblogs. Atlantic Journal of Communication, 13 (2), pp 73-95.

Nardi, B. et al (2004) Why we blog. Communication of the ACM, 47 (12).

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For some technology’s experts, web 2.0 is actually web 1.0. The web 2.0 is re-using the key concept of web 1.0.  The inventor of the Web itself, Tim Berners-Lee, as cited from Paul Anderson (2007) state that:

‘[…] Web 1.0 was all about connecting people. It was an interactive space, and I think Web 2.0 is of course a piece of jargon, nobody even knows what it means. If Web 2.0 for you is blogs and wikis, then that is people to people. But that was what the Web was supposed to be all along. And in fact, you know, this ‘Web 2.0’, it means using the standards which have been produced by all these people working on Web 1.0’. 

If I pull the extract from Berners-Lee argument, the nature of the Web which we are using now is interactive space that everyone can take a part in it. Web 2.0 allows the user to edit or add the content of the web. Rather than one way of communication, the Web 2.0 is open the opportunity to have two way of communication or on the other word is the interaction.

The capability of Web 2.0 to build the interaction between people to people or people and the Web is changing the face of communication world. People have another alternative to communicate with one and another through the Web. We are no longer depending on real life meeting or real life talk. Furthermore, the Web 2.0 gave birth to the social network sites, such as Youtube, Twitter, Facebook, and many more. These kinds of websites are connecting people around the world and allow them to spread and share information.

In my perspective, the social network site is not only connecting people, but now it is tends to shape the journalism world. That particular websites allow people to post or share almost everything they want, from the food they want to eat for dinner to photograph of car accident. The information is spread out in the count of second. Realize to the power of social network site, some media companies try to harness it, so they can have the update of certain information or news faster. Mark Deuze (2007) state that the consumer nowadays is getting more involved into the process of making media content including in journalism industry. He calls that consumer as co-creator.

The clear examples of how the media using co-creator through social network site are when The Guardian (online version) published minutes to minutes update of student tuition fees protest, 9 November 2011. To cover that news, reporters gather the information through twitter, email and youtube. The journalists are no longer relying on actual interviews. The content of what people posted in social network sites may become the tip of big news. That is way, nowadays many reporter cannot ignore what the trending topic in social network site.


Anderson, P. (2007) What is Web 2.0? Ideas, technologies and implication for education. JISC Technology and Standards Watch.

Deuze, M. (2007) Media Work. Cambridge: Polity.

The news of student tuition fees protest can be seen at

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