Social Network Sites and Citizen Journalism (Post 1: Discussion of a Selected Lecture, Week 10 – Social Media and Social Network)

Posted: December 4, 2011 in Web Culture

For some technology’s experts, web 2.0 is actually web 1.0. The web 2.0 is re-using the key concept of web 1.0.  The inventor of the Web itself, Tim Berners-Lee, as cited from Paul Anderson (2007) state that:

‘[…] Web 1.0 was all about connecting people. It was an interactive space, and I think Web 2.0 is of course a piece of jargon, nobody even knows what it means. If Web 2.0 for you is blogs and wikis, then that is people to people. But that was what the Web was supposed to be all along. And in fact, you know, this ‘Web 2.0’, it means using the standards which have been produced by all these people working on Web 1.0’. 

If I pull the extract from Berners-Lee argument, the nature of the Web which we are using now is interactive space that everyone can take a part in it. Web 2.0 allows the user to edit or add the content of the web. Rather than one way of communication, the Web 2.0 is open the opportunity to have two way of communication or on the other word is the interaction.

The capability of Web 2.0 to build the interaction between people to people or people and the Web is changing the face of communication world. People have another alternative to communicate with one and another through the Web. We are no longer depending on real life meeting or real life talk. Furthermore, the Web 2.0 gave birth to the social network sites, such as Youtube, Twitter, Facebook, and many more. These kinds of websites are connecting people around the world and allow them to spread and share information.

In my perspective, the social network site is not only connecting people, but now it is tends to shape the journalism world. That particular websites allow people to post or share almost everything they want, from the food they want to eat for dinner to photograph of car accident. The information is spread out in the count of second. Realize to the power of social network site, some media companies try to harness it, so they can have the update of certain information or news faster. Mark Deuze (2007) state that the consumer nowadays is getting more involved into the process of making media content including in journalism industry. He calls that consumer as co-creator.

The clear examples of how the media using co-creator through social network site are when The Guardian (online version) published minutes to minutes update of student tuition fees protest, 9 November 2011. To cover that news, reporters gather the information through twitter, email and youtube. The journalists are no longer relying on actual interviews. The content of what people posted in social network sites may become the tip of big news. That is way, nowadays many reporter cannot ignore what the trending topic in social network site.


Anderson, P. (2007) What is Web 2.0? Ideas, technologies and implication for education. JISC Technology and Standards Watch.

Deuze, M. (2007) Media Work. Cambridge: Polity.

The news of student tuition fees protest can be seen at

Video 1 retrieved from

Video 2 retrieved from

  1. ulungpalima says:

    Perhaps, you would want to mention what characterized as citizen journalism and the intersection between citizen journalism and social media? I agree with you that it is kind of re-shaping the journalism world. However, we might want to consider, that it is often become the major source of news only to specific kind of situations, e.g disaster or accident.

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